Forgotten ancient buddha sites in Nepal

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The ‘Lumbini Buddhist Circuit Tour’ is visual aid to life of Buddha and development of Buddhism. While it is a pilgrimage tour in one hand, in the other hand it displays the great archaeological triumph of mankind. There are 62 archaeological sites in Lumbini region exhibiting different events in Buddha’s life. The tour includes visit of Lumbini development zone, Kapilavastu ( Tilaurakot palace where Buddha spent 29 years as prince Siddhartha), Kudan (first monastery built to house Buddha and his followers), Ramagram stupa (Only unearthed Buddha relic stupa), Sagarhawa and other important sites related with Buddha.

Tilaurakot palace Excavation

Yet another excavation have begun in Tilaurakot palace ruin to identify the main section of King Suddhodan – the Lord Buddha’s father. The 1,600 ft. by 1,000 ft. fortified area with 10 -12 ft. wide wall have been going through series of excavation to discover more about Buddha’s life and civilization then. This is where Buddha spent 29 years as Price Siddhartha. The fort (Kot) of Tilaura ( Tilaurakot ) fulfills all conditions as mentioned in earlier Buddhist literatures and the accounts of pilgrims.

The excavation will go on for 55 days in Tilaurakot and other places associated with Buddha. Officer at Department of Archaeology Ram Bahadur Kunwar said that the excavation will be carried out in the central complex of Tilaurakot palace and beside Samayamai Temple.

Earlier, excavation was carried out in the mid-part of Tilaurakot Palace, southern part of the pond, and in Nigradharam Kudan. The excavation of central wall complex last year uncovered stone tablet of Mayadevi ( Buddha’s mother ) dreaming of white elephant entering her womb. The foundation if believed to be of the room belonged to Queen Mayadevi. The Department and Lumbini Development Trust have been carrying out excavation and research in Lumbini and adjoining areas since 2014.

Tilaurakot & Lumbini Tour
Preserve Buddhist Heritage sites /archaeological sites with the help of Sustainable tourism. Check our Lumbini and Tilaurakot tour package. The tour package also visits ‘Ramgram Stupa’ – the only intact Buddhist relic Stupa out of the first 8 built after Buddha’s ‘Mahaparinirvana’

Tilaurakot has been proposed to be included in the list of world heritage sites. The efforts are ongoing to collect necessary evidences and documents to that end.

In the current excavation work, experts from UK’s Durham University, Department of Archaeology, Lumbini Development Trust, and students of Tribhuvan University and Lumbini University are being involved.

Findings in Tilaurakot Palace ruin :
The Fortification Wall
Fortification wall covering the area of 500 m by 405 m have been discovered in Tilaurakot palace. The fort have been surrounded by moat and the fortification wall is 10 t o12 feet wide making it as tall as 18 ft.

The Gate
Four gates have been discovered along the fortification wall in each cardinal direction. Gates had guard rooms and armory next to them. The eastern gate is the most important and spiritual as it was from where Buddha went on renunciation. The gate is called ‘Mahaviniskramana Dwara’ or ‘Mangal Dwara’.

Kanthaka Stupa
Stupa was erected for Buddha’s horse Kanthaka, some 100 m east of the gate. It is believed that the horse died after it served its distined purpose of taking Bodhisattva from the world of luxury to the path of enlightenment.

Northeast Pond
Among many pond mentioned in King Suddhodana’s palace, one still exists in the northeastern corner of the fort. The pond was built for leasure of the Sakya royalties.

Samai Devi Temple
The temple of Samai Mayi is still worshiped in the premises of fort. The temple houses fragments of ancient sculptures. The existance of temple in the complex of Sakya palace have been mentioned in travel accounts of early Chinese pilgrims.

Metal Workshop
Metal workshop was found near the southern defence wall. According to T.N. Mishra, the place have been used to make weapons, agricultural tools, utensils and coins. The discovery of the coin minting plant supports that it was the capital city of Sakyas.

Ancient Roads
Mishra unearthed ancient roads dating from 7th – 6th century B.C. to 2nd century A.D. in the vicinity of the fortified area of Tilaurakot. The roads were very wide and paved with bricks and brickbats. Some roads have stone edging on both sides. Very interestingly, some roads have eight inches soling made from iron slag (ibid: 260). Such an improved road transport in the vicinity indicates that the place was very important.

Buddhist pilgrimage tour of Nepal
Himalaya have been a place for spiritual retreat for thousands of years. The hidden Himalayan valleys also sheltered and nourished Buddhism for centuries during the crisis in India and Tibet. Buddhist pilgrimage tour or Nepal unveils how Buddhism was preserved and Buddhist philosophy were developed since the time of Buddha. Customize Lumibni tour as a day trip by Drive From Kathmandu To LumBini.

Archaeological sites of Tilaurakot, Gotihawa, Kudan, Niglihara and Sagarhawa

  • Day 1 Arrive Nepal and Transfer to Hotel Over night 5 Star Hotel/BB plan
  • Day 2 City tour around Kathmandu, visit Boudhanath Stupa, Swymbunath Budha Eye Temple, Pashupatinath Temple overnight at 5 star Hotel/BB plan.
  • Day 3 Afterbreakfast Drive to Lumbini (321 km / 8 hrs) from Kathmandu. Overnight 4 star in Hotel/BB plan.
  • Day 4 After Breakfast visit The UNESCO World heritage site of Lumbini is developed under master plan in the area of 6 Km x 2 km. We will start our tour from the ‘New Tourist village and visit the World peace pagoda and museum. This is also the pilgrimage concept of master plan to introduce Buddhism and purify mind through monastic zone. Monasteries of Mahayani and Teravadi Buddhism are spread across the cannon. Finally visit the Mayadevi temple protecting the ‘Marker Stone’, Statue of nativity scene and ruins of old temple walls dating from 3rd BC to 12 AD. Asoka pillar still displays the inscriptions explaining his visit to the birth place of Buddha.
  • Day 5 Meditation inside the Temple, where we can find the place. Overnight at same Hotel.
  • Day 6 Visit Religious and archaeological sites of Kapilavastu
    Drive and visit religious and archaeological sites of Tilaurakot, Gotihawa, Kudan, Niglihara and Sagarhawa. Tilaurakot is the ancient Kapilavastu – the capital of Shakyas, where Buddha spent his first 29 years. Kudan was where Buddha was received by his father after his access to enlightenment. King Suddhodana specially built the Kudan (Nigrodharma Park) for the accommodation of the Buddha and his followers. Gotihawa is the birth place of Krakuchanda Buddha. Niglihawa is where Kanakmuni Buddha was born. Sagarhawa is the archaeological findings as “place of the massacre of the Shakyas”. Overnight in Lumbini
  • Day 7 Devdaha – Ramgram – back to Kathmandu
    Drive and visit religious and archaeological sites at Devdaha and Ramagram. Devdaha is the ancient capital of the Koliya kingdom. It is the maternal hometown of Queen Mayadevi (mother), Prajapati Gautami (stepmother), Princess Yasodhara (consort) and where Prince Siddhartha had spent his childhood. Ramgrama is the brick mound on the bank of the Jharahi River. It is seven meter high brick stupa consisting of relic (one of the eight astha dhatu) of Lord Buddha. The Stupa was built by the king of Ramgrama, who was the eighth king to obtain the Buddha’s relics.
  • Day 8 Drive to Pokhara Overnight at 4 star Hotel.
  • Day 9 Visit Around Pokhara city, walk to World peace white Stupa, Meditation, see the panoramic view of Annapurna Himalaya Range, Overnight at Pokhara.
  • Day 10 Drive Back to Kathmandu 6 hrs drive 190km. Overnight Hotel
  • Day 11 Free day or visit another monestery.
  • Day 12 Departure your country.